Feb. 05.

Indivduals with Autism are Trapped in their Own World

Three-quarters of children with autism exhibit IQs in mental retardation range (Tager-Flusberg Joseph, & Folstein, 2001). The individuals with higher function autism are considered to have IQ above 70 (Tager-Flusberg Joseph, & Folstein, 2001). The Verbal IQ (VIQ) is the Wechsler IQ profile use for individuals with autism and is lowered than the Performance IQ (PIQ) (Tager-Flusberg Joseph, & Folstein, 2001). This profile can be used for as a diagnostic for differentiating between and Asperger syndrome (Tager-Flusberg Joseph, & Folstein, 2001).  There is a discrepancy in the reliability of the VIQ-PIQ with individuals with autism(Tager-Flusberg Joseph, & Folstein, 2001).  The closer the individual with autism reaches the normal range; his or her autism diminishes (Tager-Flusberg Joseph, & Folstein, 2001).  The Block Design subtest has a high peak among the population with autism (Tager-Flusberg Joseph, & Folstein, 2001).  This subtest is from the Wechsler Performance Scale (Tager-Flusberg Joseph, & Folstein, 2001).

However, I dispute that autism individuals are mentally challenged. How do we know what individuals with autism know, if they are trapped in their world.

Young child with autism who participate in research are very useful in finding an underlying precedence for any kind of neuropsychological deficit Scale (Tager-Flusberg Joseph, & Folstein, 2001). A study discovered a deficient performance amongst the younger children who have autism (Tager-Flusberg Joseph, & Folstein, 2001). The working memory, inhibitory control, set-shifting capacities, and spatial reversal task (Tager-Flusberg Joseph, & Folstein, 2001). The impairments were associated joint attention, which is very common in autism in the beginning (Tager-Flusberg Joseph, & Folstein, 2001).

The execute function among individuals with autism is known to be impaired and problems with retrospective memory; however, little research is done on the prospective memory(PM) (William, Boucher, Lind & Jarrold, 2012).  The PM refers to performing a task at a particular time in the future. For instance, remembering to keep a doctor appointment for next week or turning off the water when the bath tub is full would be an example PM (William, Boucher, Lind & Jarrold, 2012).  Researchers make a distinction between time-based and event-based PM (William, Boucher, Lind & Jarrold, 2012).  Event-based refers a particular event at a certain time, such as taken the pot out of the oven when the bell rings on the timer and rely on the cued to carry out the task (William, Boucher, Lind & Jarrold, 2012). Time-based event can be described as an event that is time based, such as removing the pot from the oven in 15 minutes and has to be self-initiated(William, Boucher, Lind & Jarrold, 2012).The difference between time-based and event-based PM, is that event-based uses less execute resources than time-based(William, Boucher, Lind & Jarrold, 2012). A study reveal that individuals with autism had difficulty in carry out the plan of , but were able to monitor the time as they check the clocks conyinually (William, Boucher, Lind & Jarrold, 2012). It also suggest that they retain the task instruction and understood the need for them monitor the time (William, Boucher, Lind & Jarrold, 2012). This study demonstrates that PM event-based and time-based was separate abilities (William, Boucher, Lind & Jarrold, 2012). The theory mind is often diminished in individuals with autism, which could be linked to the impairment in time-based with cognitive aptitude among this disorder (William, Boucher, Lind & Jarrold, 2012).

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